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|Quick reference medical handouts used
by Pediatric offices
What to do when a child gets a Burn
Use the following chart, courtesy of the American Red Cross, to recognize
the different types of burns and the treatment for each. We suggest that
you print this chart and post it in an accessible place, just in case!
Type of Burn
How to Identify
How to Treat
||Overexposure to the
sun, light contact
with hot objects,
scalding by hot
water or steam.
mild swelling and pain,
|1. Apply a clean cloth soaked in
cold water or submerge the burned
area in cold water.
2. Apply a dry dressing to eliminate
||Deep sunburn, contact
with hot liquids, flash
burns from gasoline,
kerosene, and other
types of flammable
|Greater depth than
blisters. There will
swelling over a
period of several
|1. Immerse the burned part in cold
(not ice water) until pain subsides.
2. Apply dry, sterile gauze or clean
cloth as a protective bandage
3. Do not break blisters or remove
4. Do not use an antiseptic ointment
or home remedy on a severe burn.
5. If the arms or legs are affected
keep them elevated
6. Consult your child's physician
|Third Degree Burn
||Skin contact with
fire, ignited clothing,
immersion in hot
water, contact with
hot objects and
appearance (at first
the burn may look
like a second-degree
burn), complete loss
of all layers of skin.
|1. Call for emergency help
2. Do not remove adhered
particles or charred clothing.
3. Immerse the burned area in
4. Apply dry, thick, sterile cloth or
clean gauze to burned area
5. Keep burned feet or legs
elevated (the child should not be
allowed to walk)
6. Have child with facial burns sit
up, or prop them up and keep them
under continuous observation for
breathing difficulty. If respiration
problems develop, an open airway
must be maintained.
As a reminder, this information should not be relied on as
medical advice and is not intended to replace the advice of your childs pediatrician.
Please read our full disclaimer.