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Amoxicillin and its cousin augmentin are probably
the most commonly used antibiotics in children. When prescribing for an ear
infection, strep throat or skin infection, physicians often start with a form of
penicillin, which is what Amoxicillin and Augmentin® are. They are available as
capsule/tablet, chewable or suspensions. The suspension does not have to
be refrigerated, but tastes better cold and can be given with or without food.
Amoxicillin is good for 14 days once it is mixed. IAmoxicillin is used to
treat certain infections caused by bacteria, such as pneumonia; bronchitis, and
infections of the ears, nose, throat, urinary tract, and skin. It is also used
in combination with other medications to eliminate H. pylori (the
bacteria that causes stomach ulcers)
How should this medicine be used?
Amoxicillin comes as a capsule,
a tablet, a chewable tablet, a liquid, and pediatric drops to take by mouth. It
is usually taken every 12 hours (twice a day) or every 8 hours (three times a
day) with or without food.. Follow the directions on the prescription label
carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not
understand. Take amoxicillin exactly as directed. Do not give your child more or
less of it or give it to them more often than prescribed by their doctor.
Shake the liquid and pediatric
drops well before each use to mix the medication evenly. Use the bottle dropper
to measure the dose of pediatric drops. The pediatric drops and liquid may be
placed on a child's tongue or added to formula, milk, fruit juice, water, ginger
ale, or other cold liquid and taken immediately.
The chewable tablets should be
crushed or chewed thoroughly before they are swallowed. The tablets and capsules
should be swallowed whole and taken with a full glass of water.What special
precautions should I follow?
Before giving your child
amoxicillin, tell their doctor and pharmacist
if they are allergic to amoxicillin, penicillin, cephalosporins, or any other
What special dietary instructions should I
follow for my child?
Unless your doctor tells you
otherwise, continue their normal diet.
What should I do if I forget to give my child a
Give your child the missed dose
as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose,
skip the missed dose and continue the regular dosing schedule. Do not give your
child a double dose to make up for a missed one.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Amoxicillin may cause side
effects. Tell your child's doctor's office if your child experiences any of
- upset stomach
Some side effects can be
serious. The following symptoms are uncommon, but if your child experience any
of them, call their doctor immediately:
- severe skin rash
- yellowing of the skin or eyes
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- pale skin
- excessive tiredness
- lack of energ
What storage conditions are needed for this
Keep amoxicillin in the
container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children, especially
younger siblings.. Store the capsules and tablets at room temperature and away
from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication
that is outdated or no longer needed. The liquid medication preferably should be
kept in the refrigerator, but it may be stored at room temperature. Throw away
any unused medication after 14 days. Do not freeze. T