see also: Feeding Tips for Parents of One-Year Olds
Happy birthday to your one year old! At this age, your youngster is
becoming a child and wants to start eating like the rest of the family. A
one year old may have no teeth, while others have eight or more. Some one
year-olds have been walking for 2 to 3 months; others are still crawling.
These differences in development are normal and one can expect similar
differences in the way a one-year old is fed. Therefore, it is always best
to consult with your child's pediatrician concerning which foods to give
MILK: Your baby still needs to have milk -- about 16-20 ounces per
day. Most pediatricians and nutritionists recommend a baby should be at least
1 year old before cow's milk is given. Until then, breast milk or iron-fortified
formula is the most appropriate milk to use. When your baby does gets cow's
milk, it should be whole milk, not skim.
The Importance of Calcium)
In addition, try to give small servings from each of the following
food groups every day:
Bread, cereal, rice, pasta
Meat, fish, poultry , and eggs
Yogurt and cheese provide nearly the same nutrients as milk. So these
can substitute for part of the milk your baby needs each day.
Remember, your one-year old doesn't have to eat something from each
food group at every meal. Most babies have fairly wild eating patterns at
a given meal. They may eat nothing but rice at one meal, and nothing but
bananas at the next. But over time they do pretty well if you offer them
a variety of nutritious foods at each meal.
Your baby's appetite is going to decrease in the next six months.
Your child has been experiencing very rapid growth for a while - doubling
their birth weight at 5-6 months and tripling it at a year. Now their rate
of growth is slower than during the first year and their appetite cuts back.
Do not misinterpret this normal decrease in eating as a sign of illness or
disease. We recommend never forcing a child to eat specific amounts or certain
foods. When children are required to eat certain foods, they learn to dislike
your child's appetitie be your guide) Develop a "take it or leave
it" attitude and do not get into the habit of substituting, bribing or begging
your child to eat. Your child will determine the amount of food he needs.
Therefore, never overload the plate. If your son or daughter wants more,
he or she may have it. One of our problems as adults is over eating, and
many of us learned this in childhood.
Babies are born with a natural liking for sweet foods. Although a
sweet treat once in a while is okay, don't give baby too many sweets. Also,
be sure to give baby real fruit juice, rather than flavored drinks; and limit
juices to 4 to 8 ounces a day. Too much juice can spoil your child's
appetitie and cause diarrhea.
Toddler Diarrhea) If your family has
allergies, excluding peanut butter for at least another year is recommended.
As tasty as it is, peanut butter, and peanut products should also be avoided
since young children have more of a tendency to develop an allergy to peanut
oil. This allergy can act very quickly, causing swelling of the throat and
difficulty breathing. Talk to your child's physician if you have any
questions about food allergies. Honey should not be given to children under
three years of age. It is possible for a child to become violently ill because
of the intake of even a small amount of honey, which may harbor a bacterium
adults are immune to.
What is botulism?)
At one-year most children, but not all, can drink from a cup well.
It is time to start "weaning" your child off the bottle. Offer whole milk
in a cup, not a bottle. This helps your child to adjust to both changes.
Weaning off the bottle now will avoid a struggle later on.If you are
breastfeeding, give all other beverages to your child in a cup.
Wean from the breast
directly to a cup when you and your health care provider decide it is
the right time. (see:
Whether you are weaning to the cup from the bottle or breast, help
your child get enough liquid and milk—particularly when he is tired,
sick or cranky. This might be done by holding the child and feeding him with
a "sippy cup."
There is no need to buy expensive jars of toddler foods. You can feed
your toddler the same food that your family is eating. Set aside a small
amount for the toddler before you season the food for the rest of the family.
Mash, grind, chop, or cut into small pieces the food items so that your child
will not choke.Many one-year-old toddlers chew or gum food very well. Others
have not developed this skill; however, without molar teeth (flat on the
top surface) they cannot chew things such as a piece of meat or carrot sticks.
Meat will need to be ground or cut into very small pieces to avoid choking.
Raw vegetables can be lightly steamed so that he can eat the vegetable without
to prevent choking in Infants and Children)
Parents are the teachers of food habits. As children grow they are
watching for clues on food choices. Children will copy many habits, likes
and dislikes. When making food choices, actions speak louder than words.
If you want your child to develop a preference for nutritious foods, consider
Develop good food habits yourself.
Avoid talk about foods you do not like. Talk about foods you enjoy.
Never assume that a child will not like a food. Give them a chance
Be willing to try new recipes and foods.
If a child does not eat at mealtime, remain calm. When the next meal
is served, give the child his/her food as you usually would. Any snack between
meals should be nutritious.
Do not make an issue of refusal to eat. Some children choose this
behavior because they get lots of attention.
Encourage a child to help in planning and preparing meals and snacks.
Serve regular meals and snacks.
Buy healthful food. Parents are the best judges of what a child
should eat. Children are the best judges of how much they should eat.
Make mealtime pleasant.
for additional information on feeding a one-year old, see our
old Growth Milestones